Unlike anti-dumping and anti-subsidy measures, security measures do not focus on whether trade is fair or not, so the conditions for their implementation are stricter. Article III of the IAEA statute gives the Agency, among other things, the power to implement and manage safeguards. If the Governing Council approves a hedging agreement, it authorizes the Director General to conclude the agreement and then implement it. Read more → When applying a safeguard measure, the member must maintain a substantially equivalent level of concessions and other obligations to the exporting members concerned. In this regard, appropriate means of compensation can be agreed with the members concerned. In the absence of such an agreement, the exporting members concerned may individually suspend substantially equivalent concessions and other obligations. The latter right cannot be exercised during the first three years of a safeguard measure if the measure is taken on the basis of an absolute increase in imports and is in line with the provisions of the agreement by other means. If the IAEA draws a broader conclusion for a state, it can put in place „integrated security measures“ tailored to each state. As a result, the resulting security measures will be less cumbersome and less costly for the state. The IAEA has established four main processes for implementing security measures. Over the years, the IAEA has also developed the concept at the state level, which has become the name of an integrated approach to safeguarding.

Under the state-level approach, the IAEA takes each state as a whole into account in the implementation and evaluation of security measures, including nuclear activities and nuclear capabilities, rather than conducting individual reviews of each facility in a given state. On the basis of a wider range of information, the Agency will then be able to implement a security approach in the country concerned. The security measures used are also covered by Article 5 of the Penal Code of the Republic of Uzbekistan, Article 15-18 of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Republic of Uzbekistan and Article 6 of the Prison Stone of the Republic of Uzbekistan. As part of a generalised safeguards agreement, the IAEA has the right and obligation to ensure that the security arrangements of all nuclear materials on the territory, in jurisdiction or under state control apply exclusively for verification purposes, so that these materials are not diverted to nuclear weapons or other nuclear explosive devices. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) is a system for inspecting and verifying the peaceful use of nuclear materials under the Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT), which is overseen by the International Atomic Energy Agency. Information Circular 66 (INFCIRC 66) is an agreement between the IAEA and Member States that provides for the implementation of limited safeguards within the Member State. Member States identify the entities made available for inspection. [7] The IAEA safeguards do not prohibit additional bilateral or multilateral safeguards. For example, in 1991, Brazil and Argentina concluded an agreement on bilateral security inspections (ABACC) and Euratom safeguards that preceded the NPT requirement and contribute to the protection agreements negotiated by their Member States with the Agency.