But the campaign against the backwardness of the masses on this question of religion must be conducted with patience and consideration, as well as with energy and perseverance. The gullible crowd is extremely sensitive to anything that hurts their feelings. Imposing atheism on the masses and interfering by force in religious practices and mocking the objects of popular admiration would not support the campaign against religion, but would hinder it. If the Church were persecuted, she would gain sympathy among the masses, for persecution would remind her of the almost forgotten times when there was a link between religion and the defense of national freedom; it would strengthen the anti-Semitic movement; And in general, it would mobilize all the vestiges of an ideology that is already beginning to die out. [13] Antonio Gramsci was an Italian Marxist who wrote in detail about how the bourgeoisie maintained power in capitalist societies, much of it in prison when imprisoned by Mussolini`s fascist regime. It offered a more nuanced understanding of how a dominant ideology was maintained than Althusser`s. He argued that the bourgeoisie, through culture, is able to maintain hegemony: a dominant set of ideas considered common sense. The same goes for Nirman or the construction of alternatives. Around the world, there are incredible examples of sustainable and holistic agriculture, community-managed water/energy/nutrition sovereignty, worker-led assumption of production facilities, resource/knowledge communities, local governance, community health and alternative learning, peacebuilding between communities, the affirmation of cultural diversity, gender pluralism and sexual pluralism and much more.

Contemporary communism, including contemporary Christian communism, owes much to Marxist thought, especially Marxist economics. While not all communists fully agree with Marxism, communists share the Marxist critique of capitalism. Marxism comprises a complex series of viewpoints covering several different areas of human knowledge, and it is easy to distinguish Marxist philosophy, Marxist sociology, and Marxist economics. Marxist sociology and Marxist economics have no connection to religious issues and make no claims about such things. On the other hand, Marxist philosophy is notoriously atheist, although some Marxist scholars, Christian and non-Christian, have insisted that Marxist philosophy and the philosophy of Marx and Engels be very different from one another and that this difference must be recognized. Jose Porfirio Miranda, in particular, found Marx and Engels consistent against deterministic materialism and largely sympathetic to Christianity and the text of the Bible, although they do not believe in a supernatural deity. [32] What seems important to me in many resistance and alternative movements is research on autonomy, autonomy, governance of people in politics and economics, freedom with responsibility for the freedom of others and respect for the rest of nature. . . .