On the basis of NAFTA, the United States, Mexico and Canada have agreed to cooperate in other agricultural for a, improve transparency and consultations on issues related to trade between countries. For the first time, the agreement specifically addresses agricultural biotechnology to support twenty-first century innovation in agriculture. The text covers all biotechnologies, including new technologies such as gene editing, while the trans-Pacific partnership text covered only traditional rDNA technology. In particular, the United States, Mexico and Canada have agreed on provisions to improve information exchange and trade cooperation in the field of agricultural biotechnology. Under the leadership of President Donald J. Trump, the United States renegotiated the North American Free Trade Agreement and replaced it with an updated and rebalanced agreement that works much better for North America, the Agreement between the United States, Mexico and Canada (USMCA), which entered into force on July 1, 2020. The USMCA is a beneficial asset for both parties for North American workers, farmers, ranchers and businesses. The agreement creates more balanced and reciprocal trade, which supports high-paying jobs for Americans and the North American economy is growing. NAFTA has been complemented by two other regulations: the North American Agreement on Environmental Cooperation (NAAEC) and the North American Agreement on Laboratory Cooperation (NAALC). These agreements should prevent companies from moving to other countries to take advantage of lower wages, more flexible health and safety rules for workers and more flexible environmental rules. Little has happened on the labour market, which has significantly changed the results in each country participating in the Treaty.

Due to immigration restrictions, the wage gap between Mexico, on the one hand, and the United States and Canada, on the other, has not decreased. The lack of infrastructure in Mexico has prompted many U.S. and Canadian companies not to invest directly in the country. As a result, there have been no significant job losses in the United States and Canada and no ecological disasters caused by industrialization in Mexico. To view the full text of the agreement between the United States, Mexico and Canada, click here…